Centre on Innovation and Energy Demand

Centre on Innovation and Energy Demand

About this project

This project aims to learn lessons from the successful diffusion of a selection of low-energy innovations in other European countries. Proposed case studies are: a) micro-generation of electricity in Germany (which blurs traditional distinctions between production and consumption), b) whole-house retrofits in Germany, Austria, and Sweden, c) district heating systems in Nordic countries, and d) urban light-rail systems in France, Germany, and Switzerland. In-depth studies of these cases will investigate how these innovations struggled against existing ‘socio-technical regimes’ (on economic, technical, cultural, and political dimensions) and which co-evolutionary alignments helped to overcome inertia and cause diffusion to accelerate, leading to tipping points and breakthroughs.